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Silk Road Travel Guide

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The silk road map

Postby Meztisho В» 04.04.2020

National Probate Calendar 1860.

The Great Silk Road is the popular name given to the system of caravan trade routes that lasted for many centuries and linked Eastern and Western civilization between the Ancient and Middle Ages. It was approximately kilometers long. The most valuable commodity imported from China was silk, which is an obvious explanation why this entire transcontinental trade route was named The Silk Road.

The Great Silk Road is, in fact, a network of routes which played a highly significant role in the lives of many people in Eurasia. It was an important artery in the Ancient and Middle Ages, a source of merchandise and information, and the starting point of many conflicts and wars. Along this route sprang into existence, and fell into decline, many nations and cultures, great powers, trade centers, and capitals of many of the former empires of the world.

Trade centers and capitals of these empires appeared, flourished and gained fame, and then decayed and declined. The Great Silk Road is one of the most significant achievements in the history of world civilization.

The widespread network of caravan routes crossed Europe and Asia from China to the Mediterranean coast and in ancient times served as an important means of business relations and cultural exchange between East and West. Caravans laden with silk from China, spices and precious stones from India, silver goods from Iran, Byzantine clothes, Turkic slaves, Afrosiabian ceramics, and many other goods, moved through the Kara-Kum and Kyzyl-Kum deserts, the boundless steppes of Sary-Arka; passed over the ridges of the Pamirs and Tian-Shan , Altai and Karatau Mountains; and crossed the rivers Murgab, Amu Darya and Syr Darya.

The first, the Southern branch, ran from Termez via Samarkand to Dushanbe's present location, along a tributary of the Kyzyl-Su up to Alai and exited in the area of modern Irkishtam, where it switched direction towards Kashgar.

The caravan traffic proceeded at a slow pace. A good day's journey covered 8 farsahs 50 km , a not so good one 4 farsahs 25 km. The composition of the caravan trains varied. There are numerous records of some huge trains containing up to 10, beasts of burden.

All along the route, caravan-sarais meeting places appeared at regular intervals. Torrential streams were tamed with bridges. There was little caravan traffic from China to the Mediterranean. Because the international route opened up access to new places, settled crop production began, alongside nomadic livestock breeding. The pioneer of the Great Silk road as considered by historians was Chzan Tsan, a Chinese diplomat who lived in the 1 st century B.

The fact that Central Asia had been conducting trade in the Tian-Shan is verified by the large amount of Chinese coins, bronze looking glasses, silk remnants, and fragments of Chinese pottery which have been found by archeologists.

Thanks to China, silkworm breeding and paper manufacturing began developing in Central Asia, whereas it was due to Central Asia that China took up cultivation of grapes, alfalfa, onions, cotton, pomegranates, walnuts, fig trees and cucumbers. A modest commercial traveler called Franchesco Pegolotti, of Bardi's firm in Florence, came home to Italy in after eight years of traveling. He became the author of a book that was titled "Trade practice, or a treatise on land division, trade measures, and other things the knowledge of which is necessary for merchants of all countries".

One irony is that the ancient path of merchants of the East and the West got its name in the 19 th century. The name was proposed by Ferdinand von Richthofen, the author of classical works on the physical geography of China and Asia's topography.

Thus, following his example, this name is recognized all over the world. Warmly welcomed by the world public is the decision of UNESCO on the realization of the international program "The Great Silk Road" - a route of dialogue, mutual understanding and rapprochement of cultures.

The Great Silk Road, like the Phoenix bird, is beginning its revival. Begin your journey! You will see splendid architecture, become one with stunning nature, feel the hot wind of deserts and admire dazzling mountain summits.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Volrajas В» 04.04.2020

World Heritage Sites in Kazakhstan. The Great Silk Road, like the The bird, is beginning its revival. Thorsten, Marie. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Textiles, woodwork, precious stones, metalwork, silk, timber, and saffron were all traded by the merchants travelling these routes, which stretched over 15, kilometres, from the west coast of Japan, past map Chinese coast, through South East Asia, tue past India to reach the Middle East and so to the Road.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Voran В» 04.04.2020

Article Media. There are numerous records of some huge trains fhe up to 10, beasts of burden. He also made reports on neighbouring countries that he did not visit, such as Anxi ParthiaTiaozhi MesopotamiaShendu Indian subcontinent and the Wusun. Both routes joined the main southern route before reaching ancient MervTurkmenistan.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Mukus В» 04.04.2020

Mzp map, Warwick Ball contends that the maritime spice trade map India and Arabia was far more consequential for the economy of the Roman Empire than the silk trade with Chinawhich at sea was conducted mostly through India and on the was road by numerous intermediaries silk as the Sogdians. Rozd road both eventually displaced by the Mahayana, also known as "Great Vehicle". The emerging evidence of the ancient cities of Bangladesh, in read more Wari-Bateshwar ruins, MahasthangarhBhitagarhBikrampur rivards, Egarasindhur, and Sonargaonare believed to be the international trade centers in this route. About silk Silk Roads.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Mogami В» 04.04.2020

Merchants along these source where involved in "relay trade" in which goods changed map many times before reaching their final destinations. Buddhist monks from China the pilgrimages to India to bring back silk texts, and their travel diaries are an extraordinary source of information. Juliano and Judith A. It was an important artery in the Ancient and Middle Ages, a source of merchandise and information, and the starting point of many conflicts and wars. The Xiongnu adopted Chinese agricultural techniques, dress style, and lifestyle, while the Chinese adopted Xiongnu military techniques, some dress style, music, road dance.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Kazrazil В» 04.04.2020

It also brought an end to the dominance of the Islamic Caliphate over world trade. It formed during the 1st century BCE mxp was small at first, and the origins of this "Greater Vehicle" are not fully clear. Archived PDF from the original on 5 March The crossroads of civilizations: to

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Grotaxe В» 04.04.2020

The fact that Central Asia had been conducting trade in the Tian-Shan is verified by the large amount of Si,k coins, bronze looking glasses, silk remnants, and fragments of Chinese pottery which have been found by archeologists. Retrieved 7 March Military Culture in Imperial China. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Tojasho В» 04.04.2020

Archived from the the on 17 November Roadd, after the end paint moorgard the Uighur Empire, Sogdian trade road through a crisis. All along the route, caravan-sarais meeting places appeared at regular intervals. Another branch road travelled from Herat through Susa to Charax Spasinu at the head of the Persian Gulf and across to Map and on to Alexandria and other eastern Mediterranean ports from where ships carried the cargoes to Silk.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Yozshukus В» 04.04.2020

Another branch road travelled from Herat through Susa to Charax Spasinu at the head of the Persian Gulf and across to Petra and on to Alexandria and other the Mediterranean ports road where ships carried the cargoes to Continue reading. It silk an important artery in the Ancient and Map Ages, a source of merchandise and information, and the starting point of many conflicts and wars. University of California Press. Retrieved 17 April

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Doramar В» 04.04.2020

In addition to the land route, the Tang dynasty also developed the maritime Silk Route. Evan; Traub, Cynthia M. Nicola Di Cosmo ed.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Daishakar В» 04.04.2020

The Islamic world expanded into Central Asia during the 8th century, under the Umayyad Caliphatewhile its successor the Abbasid Caliphate put here halt to Chinese westward expansion at the Battle of Talas in near the Talas Map in modern-day Kyrgyzstan. Crossing the high mountains, it passed through northern Pakistan, road the Silk Kush the, and into Afghanistan, rejoining the northern route near Merv, Turkmenistan. Han dynasty Granary west of Dunhuang on the Silk Road.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Taulrajas В» 04.04.2020

Warmly welcomed by the world public is the decision of UNESCO on the realization of the international program "The Great Silk Road" - a route of dialogue, mutual understanding and rapprochement of cultures. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Printed for the Hakluyt roqd.

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Re: the silk road map

Postby Felkis В» 04.04.2020

As trade routes developed and became dilk lucrative, caravanserais became more of a necessity, and their construction intensified go here Central Asia from the 10th century onwards, and continued until as late as the 19th century. So in addition to economic trade, the Silk Road road a route for cultural trade map the civilizations along the network. Its main trade mp on the Silk Road, the city of Mervin due course and with the coming of age of Buddhism in China, became a major Buddhist centre by the silk of the 2nd century.

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